Address energy issues with innovative ICT and data related components. Collected information and insights may serve planners and managers, but are often also shared with users, who can take more informed decisions and can also become prosumers, i.e. users that can switch from being energy consumers to becoming producers based on the circumstances.
Smart grids solutions can reach different ranges: from the modernisation of distribution networks to more advanced, fully automated systems that include smart meters and appliances at the household level. Some reviewed solutions also integrate electric vehicles as storage units or develop parallel energy markets where prices try to reflect real-time demand and supply status.