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Aalborg is located in North Jutland, Denmark, and has a metropolitan population of 130,853 inhabitants (2014). It is Denmark's fourth largest city. The Municipality of Aalborg is Denmark's third largest in terms of population.
Aalborg is undergoing a transformation from being an industrial city to a knowledge and education centre. Aalborg University has approximately 20,000 students attached to it. Heavy industries dominated Aalborg's economy until recently. Developments in the knowledge-based and green-energy sector are now beginning to dominate. Sectors such as mobile and wireless communications and rotor production for wind turbines have grown steadily since the 1990s. The rotor-blade production and testing facilities plant in Aaborg is the world's largest research test center for wind turbine technology.
There are over 9,000 enterprises in Aalborg, which employ 109,000 people (35%) of the workforce of Northern Jutland. The city is increasing participation in the global economy through existing companies and new ones. Efforts are focused on energy and environment, information technology and health support systems. Green business is an important Municipality policy, and along with the University of Aalborg, the power company Energy North and the City of Hjørring, Aalborg is a public partner to 55 private companies in the Network for Sustainable Business Development.
Aalborg is also home to the Aalborg Charter (1994) and Aalborg Commitments (2004). Combined, these have been signed by more than 3,000 European Mayors.